The minimum amount that must be withdrawn from retirement accounts, including qualified plans, 403(b) accounts, 457(b) accounts or IRAs, each year. For retirement account owners, required minimum distributions (RMD)s must begin from the retirement account by the participant’s required beginning date (RBD), and must continue for each year until the participant dies.
When the participant dies, the beneficiary must continues to take RMD amounts, as permitted under the plan and/or elected by the beneficiary. The RMD rules do not apply to Roth IRA owners.
They do apply to Roth IRA beneficiaries.
IRC §401(a)(9); Treas Reg §1.401(a)(9)/Final RMD Regulations-TD 8987
Additional Helpful Information
- The beneficiary must take the RMD for the year of death, if the retirement account owner dies in an RMD year, and fails to withdraw the RMD for the year of death. This amount it is reported under the beneficiary’s tax identification number, and included in the beneficiary’s income.
- If the participant fails to withdraw the RMD amount by the applicable deadline, he/she will be subject to an excess accumulation tax of 50% of the shortfall (25% for 2023 and after- further reduced to 10% if corrected timely). IRC §4974(a); Treas. Reg. §54.4974-1